pain in or near the chest, caused by narrowed arteries going to the heart. This may come on during activity or while you’re resting (unstable angina).
this may come on when exercising, and is caused by narrowed arteries going to your legs.
(transient ischaemic attack or TIA). Caused by a ruptured blood vessel or a blood clot formed when a cholesterol plaque breaks off from an artery wall and blocks part of the blood supply in the brain. Symptoms of a TIA may include your face falling on one side, arm weakness or slurred speech. These symptoms usually get better very quickly, within 24 hours. Symptoms or warning signs of a stroke include the inability to move an arm or leg on one side of your body. and your speech and vision may be affected. A stroke can lead to permanent disability or even death, especially if not treated immediately.
if the blood supply to your heart is blocked, the heart muscle may become damaged. This is a heart attack. You may feel short of breath and have sudden chest pain that may extend down your left arm or left side of the neck.
Are you worried you have risk factors for raised cholesterol?
Are you over 40 years old?
Have members of your immediate family developed heart disease before the age of 55 for a man or 65 for a woman?
Does your family have a history of familial hypercholesterolemia (FH)?
Do you have diabetes or chronic kidney disease?
Have you been diagnosed as having heart disease?
Do you have high blood pressure?
Do you have angina (chest pain) or have you already had a heart attack or stroke?
Do you smoke?
Are you overweight and fairly inactive?
low density lipoprotein or ‘bad’ cholesterol.
high density lipoprotein or ‘good’ cholesterol.
these are another type of fatty substance in the blood. They are produced by the liver and also found in dairy products, fatty meat, processed food and cooking oils.
your doctor may calculate your total cholesterol by adding your LDL and HDL levels together.
5.0mmol/L: the average total cholesterol level in the UK for men. It’s 5.1 mmol/L for women. The government recommends a level of 5.0mmol/L total cholesterol with the LDL being less than 3.0mmol/L.
Doctors are most worried when someone has high levels of LDL cholesterol and low levels of HDL cholesterol.
Guidelines suggest that for people who are at risk of developing cardiovascular disease, total cholesterol levels should be less than 4mmol/L and LDL should be less than 2mmol/L.